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        星投网页登录睢宁水岸城邦|“浓情披萨DIY”活动浓情来袭 ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCInternationalTradeNo1,,withdeepeningeconomicglobalizationandwidelyappliedinformationtechnology(IT),serviceshave,includingficit,revealingthatChinaativeadvantages,itisofmajorimportanceforChinatoconstantlypromoteitsinternationalcompetitivenessintermsoftradeinservicesforitsforeigntraderestructuring,whichhasagreatstrategicsignificanceforchangingChina,developingtradeinservicesisnecessaryforboostingChinaestimporterofgoods,inglobalizationitsti,basicfactorsthathaveaneffectonthecountryscomparativeadvantagesarechanginginaprofoundmanner,wagestoordinaryworkersarerisingfastandtheinternationalcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveproductsisweakening,butthequalityoflaborhasimprovedremarkably,workersyearsofeducationhaveincreasedgreatly,andthenumberofuniversitygraduateshasswelledrapidly–,ontheonehand,givefullplaytoChinasadvantageinhumanresources,,theaveragepayoftheserviceexportsectoris22%alcompetitivenessofChina,buttheoverallstrengthofindustrychains,thatdeterminestheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry,wecaneffectivelyimprovetheoverallcompetitivenessofChinasmore,developingtradeinservicescanextendthevaluechainbywhichChinaparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,andelevateChinaoftheglobalvaluechainofproduction,andextendingtowardsbothendsofthe“smilecurve”–RDservicesandprofessionalservices,twosectorsofhighvalueadded–representsthedi,developingtradeinserviceshelpsimproveChina,developingtradeinservicesisaneffectivewaytopromotethedevelopmentofChinael,,booststhetrainingofinternationaltalents,sharpenscompetitioninthedomesticservicemarket,,developinheexcessinternalcontrolthathasledtoinadequateopeningtotheoutsideworld,whileopeningupserviceindustriestotheoutsideworldwillhelpreform,developing,internaldemanddeterminesthelow-levelsupplystructureofserviceindustries,whilemakingfulluseofthemarketsofdevelopedcountrieshelpsachievetheeconomiesofscaleinhigh-endserviceindustries,,developingtradeinservingproblemforChina,,ithelpsoptimizetheindus,itisconducivetoenergyconservationandemissionsreducti,ittorthataffectstheefficiencyofChina,forinstance,logisticstakeuplessthan10%ofGDP,butitsnearly20%inChina–suggestingtosomeextentthelowefficiencyofChina,,thoughatageographicdisadvantageintermsofgoodsexport,arenotgeographicallyconstrainedtodeveloptradeinsomeservices;transactionsinserviceoutsourcingrequireonlyaccesstotheInternet,andprojectcontracting,exportoflaborservice,,weeninlandregionsandcoastalones,butalsobringmorejobsandincometouniversitygraduates,constructionworkers,1,ChinasforeigntradeinservicestotaledUS$,ranking4thintheworld,includingUS$(ranking4thintheworld)andUS$(ranking3rdintheworld).Between2004-2008,China%,,thegrowthrateofChina%in2008to-12%in2009,,%,,%,%.Figure1showsclearlythatChinasserviceexporthaswitnessedviolentfluctuations.ByWangHui,ResearchTeamon"StudyofPromotingCoordinatedDevelopmentofUrbanandRuralAreas,AcceleratingtheProcessofTurningRuralMigrantWorkersintoUrbanResidents",theDRCResearchReportNo33,SocialIntegrationTheissueofsocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersinChinaarisesfromthefactthatsincetheendofthe1980smoreandmoreruralmigrrationtheoriesandsocialpoliciesandinlightoftheuniquefeaturesofChina,itmeanstheparticipationandrecognitionofindividualsinagroupandthemutualdependencebetweengroupmembers,oraprocessinwhichdifferentindividuals,,political,social,institutional,culturalandpsychologicalaspects,:uldemphasizethatthevulnerablesocialgroupscanhavenecessaryopportunitiesandresourcestofullyparticipateineconomic,socialandculturallifeandliveanormallife,andshouldensurethattheyhavemoredecision-makincommonshareofsocialexperience,activeparticipation,extensiveequalityforall,opment,whichrequiresnotonlytheeliminationofbarriersorr,whichmeasuretherelationsofvulnerablesocialgroupswithpeoplearoundthem,haveatleasttwoimplications:theyequallyreceivecommunityattentionandcareinsocial,political,economicandculturallife,andtheyhavemutuallytrustworthy,admirableandrespectablehumanrelationswithfamilies,roveability,protectlegitimatehumanrightsasthatsocietyhastheobligationtoensurethateverycitizenisawareoftheirpotentialsandatruesocialintegrationshould,theissueofruralmigrantworkerssocialintegrationi,whoarenotonlylargeinnumberbutalsowidelydifferentinregionaldistribution,age,ability,qualification,,social,,thesocialin,welfare,labor,employment,participation,sexistingspecialfiscalandtaxsystems,,,ruralmigrantworkersindifferentregionsandcitiesareentitledtodrasticallydifferentbassocialintegrationinChinamustbeconductedagainstthebigpictureofeconomicandsocialtransitionandthechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,andmusttakeintofullaccounttheimpactsofeconomicandsocialtransitiononindustrialstructure,labor-capitalrelations,employmentstructure,an,thesocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersisadynamicsocialprocess,inwhichinstitutionalinequalitymustbeeliminatedandsocialcapitalmustbeformedanddevelopedsothattheycanenjoy,asurbanresidentsdo,normaleconomicbenefit,socialandculturallife,equalpublicservicesandsocialwelfare,righttoextensivesocialandpoliticalparticipation,socialintegration,eliminatingunequalinstitutionalarrangementsistheprerequisite,realizingtheequalityinresourceallocation,publicservicesandsocialrightsisthegoal,andenhancingtheiradaptationtoandrecognitionbycitiesthroughskilltraining,qualificationeducation,,ruralmigrantworkersandtheirfamiliesmustbeorganicallyintegratedwithsocialorganizationsaroundthemsoastobe"organized".Throughmutualcommunicationandlearningwithinorganizations,ruralmigrantworkersandtheirfamiliescanboosttheirsocialadaptability,improvetheirsocialrelations,promotetheirsocialcapitaltransferanddevelopment,SocialIntegrationThesocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersisaprogressiveprocess,anditsmeasuringstandardsaredirectlyrelatedtotheinstitutionalenvironment,theirowninterestpursuits,integrationintourbancommunityconductedin2010bytheDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)indicatesthat43ruralmigrantworkersandtheirstakeholdersacrossthecountryholdthatthetopfiveindicatorsofintegrationintourbancommunityarerespectivelytoenjoytheequalmedicalcare,educationandothersocialwelfareasurbanresidentsdo,havestablework,havetheirhouseholdregistertransferredtocities,havedormitoriesorotherfixedresidences,,havingequalsocialwelfare,localurbanhouseholdregister,stableworkanddescentfixedresidence,andequalpoliticalandeconomicrightsarethemainindicatorsandimportantstandardstomeasurethesocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersinthegeneralsense.ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability. 


        Theproportionofresidents(studentsparentswithdifferenteducationlevels),%oftheresidentsrespondthatamonglivelihoodissues,children,%oftheresidentswithprimaryschooldegreeandbelowaredissatisfiedwitheducation;%oftherespondentswithjuniorhighschooldegree,%%withassociatedegree,,onlyafewresidentswithundergraduateandgraduatedegreesaredissatisfiedwitheducation(seethefigure).Withtheimplementationofthetuitionwaiverpolicyincompulsoryeducationforurbanandruralstudents,,thesurveyshows,duetoschoolselection,tutoringclassesandinterestclassesareverypopular,,theexpenditureinchildren/4offamiliesbelievethatthegreatestfinancialpressureliesintheexpensesfortheirchildren,%.In2012,14%ofthefamiliesspendmorethan10,,explicitchargeshaveobviouslydecreased,butunderthepressureofvariousselectionexaminations,therestillexistallsortsofimplicitchargeslikeschoolselectionand,theannualexpenditureincompulsoryeducationofalmost60%ofruralfamiliesislessthan1,%,%ofurbanfamiliesismorethan5000Yuan,%familiesspendover10000Yuan(Table2).Table2UrbanandRuralResidentsExpenditureinChildrensCompulsoryEducation功夫体育注册app(门面直租 )芙蓉区大汉建材城40㎡旺铺 Source:BasedonthedatafromChinaStatisticalYearbook(2)EnterprisetechnologicalinnovationmountsuptoanewhighwithincreasinglydiversefunctionsTechnologicalinnovationisnolongersimplyequipmentupgrading,butisformingmorediversefunctionsthroughbettercombinationwithtechnologicalprogress,energyconservation,emissioncut,,technologicalinno,theenterprisescansetuptheresearchanddevelopmentcenterbasedontechnologicalinnovation,launchdemonstrationprojectsfortheindustria,technologicalinnovationcanbeincorporatedintoenergyconservation,gyconservation,waterconservation,environmentalprotection,,highandnewtechnologiescanbeap,developnewindustriesofstrategicsignifican,techn,technologyandbrandconductcross-regionalandcross-industrialmergingandrestructuring,,technologicalinnovationcanplayaroleinoptimizingtheregion,itcouldprovidetechnicalserviceforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesbysupportinggenerictechnologicalplatformsratherthansupportindividualenterprisesrenovationprojects.(3)LocalgovernmentsrendersustainedsupportfortechnologicalinnovationWithaviewofdevelopinglocaleconomies,localgovernralgovernmenthavepromulgatedandadjustedtheirtechnologicalinnova,,autonomousregions,municipalitiesandcitiesspecificallydesignatedinthestateplanaswellasXinjiangProductionandConstructionCorps,24regionshaveformulatedandreleasedguidingplansonkeytechnologicalinno,inrecentyearsuptoahundredtechnologicalinnovation-supportingpoliciesontaxation,ialfinanceincludingthatofthecities,between2009and2010,,,JiangsuProvinceallocated650millionyuanexclusivelyfortechnologicalinnovationinformsofequipmentsubsidy,loandiscountandincentivesfor878keytechnologicalinnovationprojects.(4)ThecentralgovernmentstrengthenedsupporttotechnologicalinnovationtocopewiththefinancialcrisisThecentralgovernmenthaspromulgatedadjustmentandrenovationplanningupontenkeyindustriessince2008,furtherunderscoringthesignificanceofenterprryandInformationTechnologyjointlyformulatedMeasuresonSpecialInvestmentManagementforKeyIndustriesRejuvenationandTechnologicalInnovation,releasedtheguidelineontechnologicalinnovationinvestment,andorganizedt,thecentralgovernmentearmarkedaround40billionyuanfortechnologicalinnovationupon8,966projects,attractingatotalinvestmentof1,%%%%%%in2010.ByZhaoJinpingZhaoFujun,ResearchTeamon"AnalysisonForeignTradeandEconomicSituation",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo157,2013(Total4406)Aquestionnaire-basedsurveywasconductedonpresentexportgrowthrelatedto225foreig,exportsarecurrentlyexperiencingaslowgrowthonthewhole,smallenterprisesareencounteringamoresevereexportpredicamentthanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprises,theexportcostforhalfoftheenterprisescontinuestoincrease,exportpriceshavebeenincreasedatlarge,mostexportenterprisesarebeingembarrassedatalowexportprofitability,ordersfortheenterpriseshaveincreased,theexportsituationoverthewholeyearislikelytobeinlinewiththepreviousyearortoimproveslightly,andenterpriseshavegreatexpectationsoverthegovernmentsadoptionofproactivemeasurestoeffectivelyholdinchec,100weretelep,%intermsoftype;smalle%intermsofsize;%intermsofregion;thenumberofenterprisesinGuangdongrankedsecond,%;andintermsofexportmarket,%,%,andthenumberofenterprisesexportinggoodstoJapan,HongKong,%,%%,thenumberofenterprisesengagedinthebusinessoftextileandgarments,food,chemicalsandpharmaceuticals,%,%,8%,%%arSurveyresultspresentthefollowingfeaturesintermsoftheexeviousyearSurveyfindingsshowthatfromJanuarytoMaythisyearthenumberofenterprisesbreakingeve%andthenumberofenterpriseswithincreasedexportvolume(includingthosewithagrowthrateof5%~20%orabove)%.Onthewhole,thefirsthalfoftheyearsawasimilarorsl,thesurveyresultsindi%,%duringthesameperiodof2012;%,%,thenumberofenterprisesthatmaintainedbasicallythesameexportvolumeasin2012increased,,thesurveyresultsalsoindicatethatsincethisyearChinasexportgrowthhasremainedpregnantwithgrimprospectsonthewhole,showingsomedifferencefromtheexpectedgrowthtargetof8%.Table1ExportGrowthofEnterprisesSurveyed,therearethreemetropolitancirclesinChina,namelytheYangtzeRiverDelta,,theyposs,theirdevelopmentstillfacesmanyrealisticproblems,requiringproperhandlingoftherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandthemarketan,cities,includingmetropolises,reflectthedevelopmenthistoryofhumansocietyandembodypeople,livingincitiesandbecomingurbandwellershavebecomepeople,,citiessuchasXian,Luoyang,Kaifeng,NanjingandBeijingweresecondtononewhencomparedwithotherc,citiesandurbanizationinthemodernsenseonlyemergedafteri,urbanizationinChinastartedover100yearslaterthanWesternindustrializedcountriesandbackwardindustrializationw,especiallyafterthefirstindustrializationrevolution,theword"congregation"or"systematization",itsbecauseofthecongregationofpopulationandhumanactivitiesintherelativelynarrowspaceofcitiesthatpeoplecllayout,butalsofortheimprovementofpublicservicesupply,reductionofsupply,salsobecauseofthecongregationthatpeoplehavetobearthenegativeimpactresultingfromtrafficcongestionandoverburdenedpublicservices,,forcitydevelopment,besidescongregationintermsofscale,numberandscope,soundorganizationisalsoneededamongdifferentindustries,acrosssocialsectors,,thenegativeimpactinducedbycongregationofpopulationandvarioushumanactivitiescanbereduced,whilewithoutsuchorganization,,congregationandsystematizationhavegonebeyondthescopeofasinglecityrelatedtopopulation,industry,socialactivitiesandgovernance,butaretheresultofin-depthintegrationofcitiescountry,metropolitancirclescanintegrateandoptimizevariousnationalr,currently,thereareseveralmegametropolitancircleswithglobalinfluenceintheworld,includingtheNewYork–Boston–WashingtonmetropolitancircleandtheGreatLakesintheUnitedStates,theTokyometropolitancircleinJapan,,theRanstadcircleintheNetherlandsandtheRhine–,themetropolitancirclesaresupportedbythelayeredstructureinspacewithatryorregionandgreatlyeasedthevariousurbandiseasescausedbyover-congregationofpopulation,,Britain,France,Germany,Japanandotherdevelopedcountriesinsocialsystem,culturaltradition,geography,climateandresources,,peoplehopethatwhilecreatingmaterialprosperity,metropolitancirclescanalsokeepsustainableenvironmentandresources,withafairandsocialorderandawell-managedcitygovernance,soastoimprovetheliv,thereareobjectiverulestofollowfortheformationandgrowthofcities,theoptimizationofurbanspatialstructu,,ge,%,Chinasurbanizationoverthepastthirtyyearssexactlybecauseofthelarge-scopeurbanizationthatthreeultralargemetropolitancircles(theYangtzeRiverDelta,PearlRiverDeltaandBeijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregion)haveemergedinChina,,%ofeconomicactivities,thethreecirclesenjoyanimportantgeo-strategicpositionandthelocationadvantageandthushavethepotentialtogrowintoworld-levelones. 


        21bet 官方网ByZhangWenkui,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo115,fromOrdinaryState-ownedEnterprisesTheoutbreakoftheglobalfinancialcrisisin2008hittheChineseeconomyheavilyandthegovernmentsubsequentlyputforthaneconomicstimulusplanof4trillionyuan,,localgovernmentshadreliedonwhatiscalledthefinancingplatformtogainlargeamountsofloan,ductedhavegivenrisetosubstantiallydifferentunderstandingsandrecognitionsofthefinancingplatform,whichwillnotonlyaffecttheriskassessment,butwillevenmakeitdifficulttoaccurasreachedseventoeightthousandevensurpassedtenthousandinChina,withthetotalamountofloansreachingseventoeighttrillionyuanoreveninexcessoftentrillion,whileotherliteraturereckonthatthereareonlyseveralhundredfinamandthedistinguishingofthefinancingplatformfromordinarystate-ownedenterprisesareconducivetoacldenterprisessetupbythegovernmnvolve,inreality,sincequiteanumberofstate-ownedenterprisesareinvolvedininfrastructureconstruction,publicutilitiesandcompetitiveindustriesand,inparticular,somelocalitieshaveoftenintegratedthestate-ownedinfrastructureassets,state-ownedpublicutilityassetsandstate-ownedassetsofcompetitiveindustries,somthefinancingplatformismainlythattheinfrastructurefinancedbythefinancingplatformcannotgeneratecontinuouscashflowsand,atleast,,manyinfrastructurefacilitiesarebeinghandledinacommercializedway(suchasthetollexpressways)andpublicutilitiesenjoyallthemorestablecashflows,,sometimesitisdifficulttocompletelyseparatetheinfrastructurefacilitiesfromthepublicutilitiesandpublicutilitiesaresometimesentangledwithcompetitivebusiness,thusmakingitdifficultt,infrastructure,publicutilitiesandcompetitivebusinessinsomecitiesformed,throughintegrationandreorganizationanewstate-ownedplatformenterprisesoastogetlistedforfinancing,,amoremeaningfu,bybalingandrestructuring,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentturned,throughintegrationandreorganization,someofthestatoldingsLtd,includingsuchinfrastructureassetsastheCapitalAirportExpresswayaswellassuchstate-ownedassetsofcompetitiveindustriesasBeijingYanjingBrewery,,stimesinceitslistinginHongKong,,withquiteapartofthefundsbeinginvestedintheupgradingoftheCapitalAirportExpressway,,basedontheBeijingEnterprisesHoldingsLtd,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentmadeanintegratedrestructuringofBeijingHoldingsLtd.,,whichisaninvestmentandfinancingplatformsetupbytheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentandtheBeijingMunicipalState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionforinfrastructureconstructionandpublicutilitiesinBeijingandwhosemainbusinessincludestheinvestmentinandtheoperationandman,CapitalAirportExpressway,,theassetsofthisfinancingplatformhave,truetoitsname,coveredinfrastructurefacilities,publicutilitiesandcompetitiveindustriesandtheplatformalsoownstheBeijingEnterprisesHoldingsLtd.,,inthecourseofreorganization,manylistedChinesestate-ownedholdingcompaniesbroughtinstate-ownedpublicutilityandinfrastructureassetsoneafteranother,includingfuelgas,electricpower,tapwaterandexpressways,etc..State-ownedenterprisesinmanycities,suchasChangsha,ChengduandShanghai,,theremustbestablecashflowsforthestat,mostofthemunicipaladministrationassetsthatcanbeinjectedinlistedfinancingplatformsareconfinedtopublicutilityassetswithstablecashflows,suchastapwaterandfuelgas,aswellascommercializedinfrastructureassets,suchastollexpresswaysandairportswithlargehandlingcapacity.鍟嗗姟鏈嶅姟鐢熶骇鍘傚鍙婂叕鍙镐俊鎭 ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HeYupengSincemid-1990s,thetransformationofthetraditionalagriculturehasbeennotablyexpeditedinChina,featuringtheacceleratedtransferofagriculturallaborfernization,sincetheendofthe10thFive-yearPlanperiod,transitionalchangesbegantotakeplaceintherelationshipsbetweencapitalandlaborinputinagriculture,featuringfarmer-workersgettingequalpayasagriculturalemploysagric,in2007,thecentralgovernmentissuedthe"",puttingforwardviewsattherighttimeonvigorouslydevelopingmodernagriculture,notonlyseizingthecriticalmomentforadvancingagriculturalmodernization,but,eversince,systematicallycontinuingtheenhancementofthepolment,withtheLevelofModernizationBeingSteppedUpMarkedlySincemid-1990s,especiallysincetheendofthe10thFive-yearPlanperiodandthebeginningofthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,thelevelofChinasagriculturalmodernizationmeasuredbymechanization,extensiveuseoffarmchemicals,msoftheoverallenvironmentforagricageoffarmlandstotheincreaseofyieldperunitareaandthecapitalinputhasplayedaleadingroleinthisregard.(I)RemarkableProgressinMechanizationAfter1993,especiallysince1998,,thetotalmotivepoweroffarmmachineryreached820millionkilowatts,whichalmostdoubledthatof1997and,,withtheimplementationofthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystemwithremunerationlinkedtooutput,themotivepowerofsmalltractorssurpassedthatoflargeandmedium-sizedtractors,:,largeandmedium-sizedtractorsdevelopedrapidly,withtheaforesaidratioofmotivepowerdroppingto2:,thenumberoflargeandmedium-sizedtractorsincreasedbynearly1millionoverthepreviousyear,whichwasequivalentto1/3ofalllargeandmedium-sizedtractors,andthemotivepowerincreasedby20millionkilowatts,amountingto1/,thenumberofcombinescameto39,000in1990,topped100,000in1997to141,000andreached743,000in2008,increasingby100,,intermsofthemeansofproductionofpeasantfamilies,t,themanpowerand,thenumberofdraughtanimalsownedeveryonehundredhouseholdsreached26,,thenumberofmotorvehiclesand,whichmorethandoubled.(II)Ever-increasingUtilizationofFarmChemicalsIn2008,~2003,theamountofchemicalfertilizersappliedincreasedbyanannualaverageof720,000tons,~,since2004,~2008,,,,,spending,in2008,theamountofchemicalf,%,theareaofthearablelandsinChinaaccountsfor1/10oftheworldtotal,yettheamountoffertilizersappliedbyChinamakesup1/4oftheworldtotal,andtheamountoffertilizersappliedperunitareahascometo2timesthatofthedevelopedcountries.(III)LevelofIrrigationSteadilyontheIncreaseIn2008,,increasingbyabout10millionhectaresover1992,makingup48%,,,withtheannualaverageofincreasereaching1millionhectaresorso,accountingfor40%oftheincreasescoredduring1992~,,,in2008,,upby14%,%oftheper-capitaagriculturalacreage,,,%.Intermsofwaterconservancyworks,thereisawiderspaceforthedevelopmentofirrigationandwater-savingagriculture.(IV)Ever-growingLevelofElectrificationIn2008,,,theruralp,th,sizingupthelevelofagriculturalelectrificationwithruralp,powerconsumptionforagriculturalproductionhasincreasedconsiderablyinrecentyears,,theproduc,%,,upby45%over1990.(V)SupplyofAgriculturalMaterialandEquipmentEnhancedRemarkablyThegrowingagriculturalmechanization,farmchemicalutilization,irrigationareaandelectrificationreflecttheincreasedinputandtheimprovedinfrastructurebythegovernmentandtheenhancedsupplyofagriculturalmaterialandeched6,,,after2004,supplyofagriculturalmaterialandequipmenttopeasantfamilieshasbeenevidentlyenhanced,withtheimmobilizationsincreasedbymorethan2,,ithasmuchtodowiththepoliciesenforcedbythegovernmentinrecentyearstostrengthenthesupportandsubsidytoagriculture....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWangHui,GeneralOfficeofDRC,andJiaTaoWangJicheng,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo82,2012Currently,Chinaspolicytowardsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)hasscoredsomesuccessinrelievingburdensandovercomingdifficulties,includingreductionoftaxesandfees,subsidygranting,easingoffinancialstraitsandimprovementofbusinessenvironments,,skilltrainingandbusinessstartuptraining,heirmanagementofhumanresourcesandraisetheirmanagementlevels,butalsoanimportantchannelforimprovingtheskilltrainingandvocationaleducationsystem,nurturingmanagementpersonnelandimprovingworkersqualities,whichareofvitalimportancetoSMEsinenhancingtheirabilitiesforexistence,,trainingservicestoSMEsareofspecialstrategicimportancetotheimplementationofthestrategyofreinvigoratingChinathroughhumanresourcedevelopment,theconstructionofChinaintoaninnovation-orientedcountry,theaccelerationofthedevelopmentofburgeoningserviceindustries,theconstructionofharmoniousindustrialrelationsandthebo,SMEsrrvicesystemforSMEsisanimportantmeansforimprovingthedevelopainingservicesystemforSMEsisacompletesystemwhichincludesSMEsasdemanders,traininginstitutionsassuppliers,variouskindsoftrainingorganizationssuchasskilledworkersschools,aswellasgovernmentservicedepartments(institutions)ascoordinatorsforSMEsandrelevantpolicyresources,,withthegradualimprovementofpoliciestowardSMEsandinneedoftheenterpriserestructuringandupgradingandmarketcompetition,rapidprogresshasbeenmadeinChinainthegrowthoftrainingservicestoSMEs,andabusinessstartupandtrainingservicesystemhastakenshapeinitiallyunderthepositiveguidanceofboththeCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernments,withthewideparticipationbysocializedtrainingentitiesaswellasthesoundinteractionbetweenthegovernmentandthemarket,coveringskilltraining,,over11millionSMEshaveregisteredinChina,withtheself-employedinexcessof34million,mostofwhicharesmallinscale,,agrowingnumberofenterpriseshavefullycometorealizethatpersonneltrainingcanhelprealizemanagementenhancement,technologicalprogressandimprovementofeffectivenes(PrivateEnterprises)conductedbythecityofWuxiindicatesthatin201082%ofsurveyedenterprisesintendedtogivevocationaltrainingtotheiremployeesandthepercentageofsuchenterprisesreached98%,businessmanagement,marketingandprofessionalskillsaccountedfor47%,38%and22%,,by2010,thesizeofthebusinessmanagementandtrainingservicemarkethadreachedtheamountof75billionyuanorsoinChinaandmaintainedanaverageannualgrowthof25%oraboveonthewhole,%,particularlyformanagementtrainingandaredesiroustotaptheirmanagementpotentials,enhancetheirmanageme,theycanbedividedintothreetypes:first,trainingcompanieswithcorporatecapacities,whicharemarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;second,institutions,suchasskilledworkersschoolsandprofessionalschools,whichareanimportantintegralpartofChinasvocationaleducationsystemandaremarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;andthird,non-profittraininginstitutionssetupb,trainingcompanies,focusedmainlyonmanagementtraining,canprobefullyintoenterprisedemandandarebettermarket-adaptedand,byadoptingsuchservicepatternsasinternaltraining,openclasses,distanceeducationandjudgmentandconsultationinaflexibleway,canbettermeetthepersonalizeddemandsofenterprises,,000managementtrainingcompaniesinChina,rt,thetraininginstitutions,suchasskilledworkersschools,havearelativelygoodnumberofteachersandarecenteredonskilltraining,tupforboostingemploymentandmeetinglocaldemandforspecifichard-sough,therehadbeen2,988skilledworkers;therehadbeen3,192jobtrainingcentersand20,000privately-runtraininginstitutions,,thenumberofsuchinstitutionshadreached525,andnearly1/3oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshavepreliminarilysetupservicesystemsatprovincial,,dependentontheirresourcesanddiplomaeducation,manycollegesanduniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsprovidetrainingservicesmainlyforentrepreneursofSMEsandforhighermanagementpersonneland,suchservicesare,inessence,animportantro,theCentralGovernmentandthelocalg,manyplaceshaveunveiledpersonnelplansandpoliciesondevelopmentofSMEsandhavetakeninnovationmethods,rationalizingofmechanismsandenla,theCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentshavegivensomebasicandnon-profittrainingactivities,suchastheGalaxyTrainingProgrambytheCentralGovernment,ExpertiseUpdatingProgramandtheManagementUpgradingPlanforSMEs,stypesofentrepreneurs,andShenzhenhascarriedouttrainingofleadingtal,Chinahas,atpresent,initiallyformedthetrainingservicesystemforSMEs,reflectingthepositiveresultsachievedinrecentyearsthroughtheimplementati,hugeandurgenttrainingdemandfromSMEshasbeenarealisticbasis,supportandinputfromtheCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernmentshavebeenanimportantguarantee,andtheunremittingmodelinnovationbytraininginstitutionsparticularlybymarket-orientedtrainingenterpriseshasbeenthesourceofvitality.---Ananalysisofeconomicsituationin2013andprospectsfor2014LiuShijin,YubinChenChangshengThisyearmarksthebeginningoftheoverallimplementationofthespiritofthe18thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheconjuncturetoacceleratedevelop,theChinesegovernmentadoptedaseriesofregulatorymeasures,whicheffectivelyguidedthemarketexpectationandledeconomicoperationtoturnaroun,restrictedbystructuralproblems,thefoundationofcurrenteconomicrecoveryremainsunstable,%.Lookinginto2014,asinternationaleconomystabilizesingeneralanddomesticdemandgrowthfacesdownwardpressure,theeconomicgrowthispredictedtobeslightlyhigherthan7%.Whileimplementingprudentfiscalandmonetarypolicies,Chinashouldadheretotheguidelineofseekingimprovementinstabilityandpromotingprogressthroughstability,strivetoreleasethedividendofreformandstimulatemarketenergyandsocialcreativity,soastosubstantiallyreducecorporateoperationalcostandpromoteeeExtrusiveSinceJuly,economicoperati,thoughgrowthremainedlow,falsetradingconsiderablyreducedcomparedwiththebegineffectonupper-streamindustriesincludingheavyindustrybyover20%,scopeexpansionofVATforbusinesstax,administrationstreamliningpowerdelegationtolowerlevels,graduallyrelievedrestrictionforrailwayinvestmentaswellasthesettingupof,,,ture,growthofheavyindustriessuchascoalferrousmetalmininganddressing,steel,,realestateinvestmentdistinctlyfellbackinAugust,ecreased,andcoalinventorydaysofmajorplantsincreasedfromaround15daysinAugustto19days,,cokingcoal,coke,,,therebounddidn,economicrecoveryisfirstrefl,,,%onayear-on-yearbasis,;meanwhile,therheroleofmaintainingproductionandabsorbinginventory,butdidn’tcausethevirtuouscycleofincreasedinventory,,,,%onayear-on-yearbasis,%.Amongthem,newprofitsofpowerandheating,petroleumrefiningandcoking,,%(1),anditwasexpectedthatM2shareinGDPattheendofAugustwouldexceed200%,problemssuchasthemismatchofallocationofresourcesandtermsinthefinancialsystemwereextrusive,andcapitalchainkeptextendinuchasrealestateandinfrastructure,andliabilitiesofindustrialenterpidexpansionofmonetarycredit,furthertwistedfinancialresourceallocation,pushedmarketinterestrateup,andsqueezedoutcapitaldemandofsmallandmediumenterprises.(2),changeswiththerealestatemarketinfirst-tierandsecond-tiercitiesaswellasthird-tierandfourth-tiercitiestendedtobeconsi,aftertherapiddevelopmentinrecentyears,ngandlandandstartedtoseesupplyexceeddemandduetocon,inordertopromotemunicipalconstructionandmaintainfiscalbalance,localgovernmentscontinuedtosupplyland,causingh,firsndpublicservices,,theshareoflandforhousinginthesecitieswaslowandbothlandandhousingwereinshortsupply,whichintensifiedthepressureofpricerisingandcausedthebubbletofurtherexpand. 


        ByZhangLiang,GuShuzhongWangYufei,ResearchTeamon"waterdevelopmentCountermeasuresforadaptingpriorityzones",ResearchI,2012(Total4224)Cloudwaterresourcesrefertothetotalofliquidandsolidwaterintheatmospheretha,2011that"constructionofdemonstrationareasforartificialprecipitation(snowfall)shouldbestrengthenedandcloudwaterresourcesshouldbedevelopedandutilizedinascientificway."InAugust2012,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilprintedanddistributedtheViewsonFurtherImprovingtheWorkonWeatherModification,specifyingmoreclearlytheimportanttaskof"reasonablydevelopingcloudwaterresources".,cloudwaterresourcesareanimportantchannelforalleviatingwatershortageinChinaDevelopmentandutilizationofcloudswaterresourcescandirectlyincreasethetotalamountofwaterresourcesandcanbeaneffectivesolutiontotheseasonalwatershor,artificialprecipitation(snowfall)canturncloudwaterresourcesintogroundwaterresources,andexperiencesandtheoriesbothathomeandabroadhavedemons,inthespringof2009alone,n11provinces(regionsandmunicipalities)innorthChina,aremarkablecontributiontodroughtalleviation,andafterthepromulgationandimplementationoftheWeatherModificationRegulationsin2002,thecountrywideartificialprecipitationreachedanaccumulativetotalofnearly490billiontons,cientificexperimentsshowthatartificialprecipitation(snowfall):20~1:25andthehighestcanbe1:40,andotherbenefitsincludingtheecologicalbenefitofartificialprecipitation(snowfall),Chinasaverageannualamountofcloudwaterresources(includingwatervapor)comesto22trilliontonsorso,yettheprecipitationefficiencyisonly28%orso(15%orsoinnorthwestChina),with87%,ifthecountrywidecloudwatercanbecompletelydeveloped,thelatentamou(snowfall)isveryshort-cycled(),waterintheaircancirculate42timesayear,theamountofwaterintheairwillthenreach1176trilliontons,theDevelopmentandUtilizationofCloudWaterResourcesbyForeignCountriesScientificbasesforthedevelopmentandutilizationofcloudwaterresourcesthroughartificialprecipitation(snowfall)havebeendemonstratedbyawealthoflaboratoryexperiments,(WMO)pointsoutthatweathermodification(includingartificialprecipitation(snowfall))esourcesindevelopedcountriesThemodernartificialprecipitation(snowfall),morethan30countries,includingUSA,Russia,IsraelandAustralia,,~1987,governmentorgans,suchastheBureauofReclamation(USBR),developedcloudwaterresourcesthroughjointeffortsbyusingthesilveriodidegeneratorontheplanetocatalyzeorographiccloudstogenerateaprecipitationof50,,artificialprecipitationexperimentswerealsoconductedoverRockyMountainsinColorado,CascadeRangeinWashingtonandWasatchRangeinnorthofUtah,increasingtheprecipitationby15%~20%.In1975,Israelstartedartificialprecipitationinitsnorthernparttoincreaseitswaterresources,withtheincrementreaching13%~15%.Australiahasbeeninvolvedincatalyzingprecipitationthroughoceaniccloudtestsfor12years,withtherainfallupby30%.Economicanalysisshowsthateachtonofprecipitationcostsabout4~5cents,whichgeneratesaninput-outputratioofabout1:ations(snowfalls)Since1958,Chinahasconductedaraftofartificialprecipitations(snowfalls),makinggreatcontributiontodroughtmitigationandincreaseincropyields,atalllevelsandundertheguidanceofcompetentmeteorologicalorganshasbeenformedgradually,thestructureofprofessionalshasbeencons,particularlysincethe2ndNationalWeatherModificationConferenceheldin2004,Chinasartificialprecipitation(snowfall)workhasbeenenhancedatafasterpace,andtheoper,in2011theareaofcountrywideartificialprecipitationregionsreachedmorethan5millionsquarekilometersandtheareaofartificialhailsuppressionregionssurpassed500,000squarekilometers,upby60%and25%,weathermodificationworkhasbeenconductedin2,235counties(municipalities,districts,andfarms)in30provinces(regionsandmunicipalities),includingtheregiment-levelfarmsofXinjiangProductionandCons,700weathermodificationworkersandatotalof6,902cannonsand7,034rocketlaunchersinthosecounties,aterresourcesFirstly,ChinasWaterLawprescribesthatwaterresourcesareownedbythestate,buttheLawdoesnotclearlydefinetheownershipofthecloudwaterresourcesandhasnotcategorizedcloudwateraswaterresourcesunderlaw,thusleadingtoanincreas,Chinausesartificialprecipitationmainlyasatechnicalmeanstofightagainstdroughtanddoesn,guidanceonthestatelevelhasbeenfewandfarbe,policiesandlawstouchuponthedevelopmentandutilizationofcloudwaterresources,theyhavenotstressedthedevelopmentandutilizationofsuchwater,,regardlessofoverallinterests,eachlocalityactsinitsownwayindevelopingandutilizingcloudwaterresourcesacrossChina.星投网页登录——Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirsthalfof2012andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthefirsthalfof2012,theeconomicperformanceinChinacontinueditsdownwardtrend,characterizedbymarkedfluctuations,declinedbenefits,increasedrisksandunstableexpectations,sandvolatileglobaleconomyandmoreimportantly,itreflectstheoverlayeffectsoftheshort-termdestockinganddeleveraging,andthetransitie-tuning,,forthcomingmacro-controlshouldsticktothegeneralprincipleof"makingprogresswhilemaintainingstability"topreventhigherrisksofeconomicbubblearisingfromover-stimulationan,greatattentionshouldbegiventothelinkagebetweenshort-termandmedium-andlong-termpolicieswhileeffortsinsystemreformandinstitutionalinnovationshouldbemultipliedtounleashgrowthpotential,promotesmoothtransitioninthecourseofeconomicgrowth,sEconomicPerformanceintheFirstHalfof2012Sincethebeginningoftheyear,domesticandexternaldemandgrowthhassloweddown,withdecreasedproductionvitalityandincompletecapacityutilization,andeconomicoperationcontinueditsdownwardtrend,.Short-termdrasticfluctuationsinexportFromJanuarytoMay2012,China,%%%,theLaborDayandtheDragonBoatFestival,suchwidefluctuations,whichhavebeenveryrareinrecentyears,canbeattributedtothefollowingreasons:thevolatilityoftheEuropeaneconomy,set-backsininternationaleconomicrecovery,instabilityofmarketexpectationsandthetendencyofshort-termordersinChina,theexportofphotovoltaic,chemicalfertilizerandnewele,asChinaseconomicperformancehasbecomeanimportantindicatorfortheoutsideworldtotakestockoftheglobaleconomyandbulkcommodityprices,thecontractionofdomesticdemandandtheslowdowninimportgrowthhavealsoindirectnuary,thedecelerationinthegrowthrateofChinasindustrialvalue-addedoutput,majorindustrialproductionandpoweroutputhasonthewholeexceededthedeclineininvestment,nterprises,whichheldpessimisticexpectationsoffutureeconomicgrowth,hadaccordinglydecreasedtheinventoered,monetaryconditionsimprovedandmarketinterestratescontinuedtodecline,,medium-andlong-termloansaccountedforasignificantlylowerproportionthanthehistoricalaverageandtheasset-liabilityratioofenterprisesalsodecreased,indicatingthattheenterpriseslackmotivationtomakeinvestment,lindustries,theproblemofovercapacityhasextendedfromsteel,electrolyticaluminium,cementandautomobilesectorstothecoke,calciumcarbide,ironalloy,coppersmelting,,duetoavarietyofstimuluspoliciestoboostinvestmentinmanyareas,productioncapacityexpandedrapidlyandtheindustriesofcarbonfibre,windpower,polycrystallinesilicon,ineincorporateprofitswhilethebusinessmodelwascha,%overthesam%;%,%tfivemonthsof2012,up-scaleindustrialvalue-addedoutputintheeast,northeast,%,%,%%,withitsroleinboostingtheoveralleconomysignificantlyweakened;thegrowthrateofthecentralregioncontinuedtodecline,gdirectorsofprovincialandmunicipalresearchcenters,theeconomicsi,owingtothedeceleratingexportgrowth,industrialproductionfelldrasticallyinareasclusteredwithexport-orientedindustries;economicgrowthandefficiencybothdroppedsignificantlyinprovinceswhereresource-basedindustriesandheavychemicalindustriestakeupahighproportion;economicvitalitypickedupinareasconcentratedwithrelocatedenterprises;andregionswhereindustrialtransformationandupgradingmmecitiesNationally,thegrowthrateofnewhousingconstructionhasbeenhigherthanthatofpropertysalesfor25consecutivemonths,andinvestmentgrowthinrealestatehasbeenfastert,,,againstthegeneraldownwardtrend,ductionintherealestatepurchasecosthastosomeextentchangedpeopleundedsignificantly,whichgaverisetotheincreasinglyprominentproblemofi,thepotentialproblemofhousingpricereboundcannotbeignored.使用短信营销怎样才能更好的促成交易 ——ExemplifiedwiththecityofHangzhouByWangZhonghongResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCLiJianwei,,andUpgradinginSoutheastCoastalAreaDespitetheremarkablesuccessesachievedovermorethanthirtyyearsofreformandopeningup,drawbackshaveincreasinglyshowedupinthemodeoftheindustrialdevelopmentinChina,inparticular,changesininternationalanddomesticenvironmentshavebroughtaboutnewchallengesandcontradictions:tionalcomparativeadvantagesFirst,~2009,wageofworkersofthemanufacturingindustryincreasedby30%inHangzhou,whilelaborcostsmountedupbyayear-on-year25%~30%inHangzhoufromJanuarytoApril,,%inHangzhou,yearonyear,%fromayearearlier,wideningthegapb,,thebalanceofbankloansandtheincreaseincurrentassetsoftheindustrialenterprisesabovetheand,inparticular,%%,r1millionkilowattsinHangzhou,precariousfactorsExportinforeigntradeisnotoptimisticasaresultofthesloweconomicresurgenceindevelopedcountries,themajoreffortsdevotedbydevelopedcountriestoadvancingre-industrializationandthetr,enterpriseshavemuchdifficultygettingthegraspofthepricetrendsofstaplecommoditiesandtherenminbiexchangerates,,%.Inthefirstquarterof2011,thevalueofg%,;%inApril,,theRDinputbyind%oftheirbusinessturnover,%enefit,,%%%in2009,%andmuchlowerthantheaverageofover35%smotivationfornongovernmentalinvestmentPerfectinfrastructuref,aggregationofpopulation,changeofmeansoftransportationandtransformationofproductionpatternsandlifestyles,thenewroundofinfrastructureconstructionhasbecometheimge,thenongovernmen,,%,thenongovernmentalinvestmentinwaterconservancyfocusedonmunicipalinfrastructureconstructionandincommunicationsandtransportation,warehousingandpostalservicefocusedonm%%andUpgradinginSoutheastCoastalAreaTheauthorsareoftheopinionthat,toaddresstheabove-mentionedcontradictionsandchallengesandincompliancewiththetraditionaltheoriesonindustrialtransformationandupgrading,prioritiesshouldbeplacedonimprovingtheenvironmentsforindustrialdevelopment,enhancingthecapabilitiesforindustrialdevelopmentandoptimizingtheobjectivesforindustrialperformancefortheindustrialtransformationandupgradinginsoutheastcoastalareainthedaystocome,withthethreeaspectscorrelatingwith,forindustrialdevelo,socialenvironment,governmentrolesandmarketdemand.(1)NaturalenvironmentThenaturalenvironmentmainlyreferstoresourcesandinfrastructurefacilities,locationandclimate,suchastheadequacyoflandandwaterresources,transportconvenience,supplyoftelecommunications,broadband,power,oilandgasandthefacilitiesofenvironmentalprotection,,,whe,relevantsurveysindicatethatHangzhouis,stepuptheintegrationofwharfsalongthebothsidesofthecanalandstrengthentheconstructionofwaterwayinfrastructurefacilitiesandmodernfunctionalportareasisanimportantpartinimprovingHangzhousnaturalenvironment.——ExemplifiedwiththecityofHangzhouByWangZhonghongResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCLiJianwei,,andUpgradinginSoutheastCoastalAreaDespitetheremarkablesuccessesachievedovermorethanthirtyyearsofreformandopeningup,drawbackshaveincreasinglyshowedupinthemodeoftheindustrialdevelopmentinChina,inparticular,changesininternationalanddomesticenvironmentshavebroughtaboutnewchallengesandcontradictions:tionalcomparativeadvantagesFirst,~2009,wageofworkersofthemanufacturingindustryincreasedby30%inHangzhou,whilelaborcostsmountedupbyayear-on-year25%~30%inHangzhoufromJanuarytoApril,,%inHangzhou,yearonyear,%fromayearearlier,wideningthegapb,,thebalanceofbankloansandtheincreaseincurrentassetsoftheindustrialenterprisesabovetheand,inparticular,%%,r1millionkilowattsinHangzhou,precariousfactorsExportinforeigntradeisnotoptimisticasaresultofthesloweconomicresurgenceindevelopedcountries,themajoreffortsdevotedbydevelopedcountriestoadvancingre-industrializationandthetr,enterpriseshavemuchdifficultygettingthegraspofthepricetrendsofstaplecommoditiesandtherenminbiexchangerates,,%.Inthefirstquarterof2011,thevalueofg%,;%inApril,,theRDinputbyind%oftheirbusinessturnover,%enefit,,%%%in2009,%andmuchlowerthantheaverageofover35%smotivationfornongovernmentalinvestmentPerfectinfrastructuref,aggregationofpopulation,changeofmeansoftransportationandtransformationofproductionpatternsandlifestyles,thenewroundofinfrastructureconstructionhasbecometheimge,thenongovernmen,,%,thenongovernmentalinvestmentinwaterconservancyfocusedonmunicipalinfrastructureconstructionandincommunicationsandtransportation,warehousingandpostalservicefocusedonm%%andUpgradinginSoutheastCoastalAreaTheauthorsareoftheopinionthat,toaddresstheabove-mentionedcontradictionsandchallengesandincompliancewiththetraditionaltheoriesonindustrialtransformationandupgrading,prioritiesshouldbeplacedonimprovingtheenvironmentsforindustrialdevelopment,enhancingthecapabilitiesforindustrialdevelopmentandoptimizingtheobjectivesforindustrialperformancefortheindustrialtransformationandupgradinginsoutheastcoastalareainthedaystocome,withthethreeaspectscorrelatingwith,forindustrialdevelo,socialenvironment,governmentrolesandmarketdemand.(1)NaturalenvironmentThenaturalenvironmentmainlyreferstoresourcesandinfrastructurefacilities,locationandclimate,suchastheadequacyoflandandwaterresources,transportconvenience,supplyoftelecommunications,broadband,power,oilandgasandthefacilitiesofenvironmentalprotection,,,whe,relevantsurveysindicatethatHangzhouis,stepuptheintegrationofwharfsalongthebothsidesofthecanalandstrengthentheconstructionofwaterwayinfrastructurefacilitiesandmodernfunctionalportareasisanimportantpartinimprovingHangzhousnaturalenvironment. 


        BySunZhiyan,ResearchTeamon"PromotingReforminKeyAreasofEconomicSystem",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo125,2013(Total4374)Sincereformandopeningup,whilestimulatinglocalgovernmentstodeveloptheireconomies,theinter-governmentrelations,whichhavebeenformedonthebasisofseparationofpowers,havewitnessedanintensifiedpursuitofinterestsbetweenthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsaswellasamonglocalgovernments,whichhavetriggeredoffanarrayofproblems,suchastheviciouscompetitionamonglocalgovernments,thedifficultyinbringingcentralgovernmentpoliciesintoeffect,marketblockade,barriersbetweendifferentdepartmentsandregionsandlowadministrativeefficiency,whicharebecomingmajorfac,itisimperativetoexpeditetherelatedreformsinoptimizingtherelationsbetweengovernmentpowersandresponsibilitiesandtoreinforcethestandaibilitiesinChinaTheallocationofpowersandresponsibilitiesamongthegovernmentsreferstohowgovernmentsatalllevelsallocateandexercisediffvernance,vernmentsatalllevels,,smodernizationprocess,tyisnotadheredtoandiftheCentralGovernmentfailstoeffectivelyrestrainlocalgovernmentsfromproperlyexercisingpublicpowers,theregionalcontradictionsmightbecomesharpenedandtheuniformmarketmightbedisrupted,whichwillendangernationalunity..Hence,inthenewerawhenChinasinter-governmentpower-responsibilityrelationsarebeingoptimized,weshouldfirstlyadheretotheprincipleofpoliticalunity,safeguardtheauthorityoftheCentralGovern,theprin,withthedeep-goingimplementationofthescientificapproachondevelopment,governmentsatalllevels,localgovernmentsexorbitantpursuitofeconomicgrowthhasnotyetbeenturnedaroundinaneffectiveway,andtheimbalancebetwe,weshouldstilllaystressontheprincipleof"balancingthedevelopmentguidanceandprovisionofpublicservices".Thatistosay,ineconomicdevelopmentactivities,localgovernmentsshouldturnfrom"directmanagement"to"indirectgovernancethroughregulations",andfrom"directparticipation"to"scientificguidanceandoverallplanning".Localgovernmentsshouldputmorepublicresourcesintosocialmanagementandpublicservicesectors,paymoreattentiontosocialjustice,offermoresuperiorservicestocitizens,andconstantlyimprovetheirabilitytorespondtocitizensseconomicdevelopmentmodeandsocialtransformation,anditconstitutesanindispensablebasisforconstructingservice-orientedgovernmentsaimedatmeetingpeople,theprincipleofuticles(services)andthedistributionfeatures,possibleeffortsshouldbemadetoputthescopeofresponsibilitiesundertakenbythegovernmentsandthescopeofbenefitforpublicproducts(services)providedbythegovernmentsinconsistencywitht,suchasfirefightingandmunicipalfacilitiesinaregion,eaterspatialspillover,,,bigorsmall,is,riouslevelsisinesstmechanismandprovisionofpublicservices,thelowesttransactio(services)providedcansatisfythelowestpaymentcostandbringaboutthemaximumbenefit,thesepublicarticles(services)shouldbeprovidedasmuchaspossiblebylocalgovernmentsatlowerlevels,whichfavor,theCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentsshouldoptimizetheirrelationsrelatedinnlinewiththeobjectiverequirementsforeconomicandsocialtransformationanddevelopment,weshouldtaketherationalizationofresponsibilitiesinfinancialexpenditurebetweentheCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentsasastartingpoint,andtheestablishmentofstandardizedgovernmentfiscalequilibriumsystemasaguaranteeand,meanwhile,weshouldexpeditethestantheCentralGovernmentandLocalGovernmentsintheNewEraTheoptimizationandreadjustmentofthepowerandresponsibilityrelationsbetweenthecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentsisasystematicengineeringthatrelatestothesupportingreformsofthepoliticalsystem,administrativemanagementsystemandtheeconomicmanagemenransformationandthenationaleconomicdevelopmentstrategy,theprioritytasksshouldbehighlightedinthreeaspectsoftheoptimizationandreadjustmentoftherelationsbetweenthecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernments:Firstly,weshouldreformtheregionalanddepartmentalnalfunctions,makingitdifficulttoimprovetheadministrativeefficiency,butitalsoleads,breakoffthechainsofvestedinterestsformedverticallywithfunctionaldepartmentsastheprincipalpart,andthehorizontalregionalseparationaswell,facilitatethesubstantivechangeofgovernmentfunctions,and,weshouldclarifythepowersancandsocialdevelopment,weshouldsortoutprioritiesandadvancebystagesthein-depthclarificationofthepowersandresponsibilitiesofgovernmentsatalllevelsintermsofeconomicadjustment,publicservices,,prohibittherentseekingforpowersandvirtualizingofresponsibilitiesstrictlyaccordingtolaw,soastoimprovethee,weshouldstrengthenthestandardizedandsystematizedconstructionofthepowerandresponson,weshouldmaintaintheauthorityofthecentralgovernmentandshouldaswellprovideanecessarysystemspaceforlocalgovernmentsovernanceandprovisionofpublicservicesandshouldaswelleffectivelystandardizeandrestrainthebehaviorsofthelocalglityallocationunderarigorouslawsystemframeworktoavoidthenon-systematiccompetitionamonggovernmentsindifferentregionsandatvariouslevels,torealizetheimpartialityinallocatingpublicresourcesamongdifferentgovernments,andtoputanendtothedisorderlycompetition,theunfaircompetitionandthepolicycompetitionsoastoadvancethesubstantivechangeofgovernmentfunctions.2015年度石家庄理财之星精英大赛即将启帷 ByMaJunXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"theReformoftheManagementSystemofState-ownedAssets"ofEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo160,2014(Total4659)Improvingthemanagementsystemofstate-owne,implementation,andsupervisioninthehopeofimprovinggovernmentalmanagementsystemoverstate-ownedassets,regulatinggovernmental,wesuggesttoimprovecorporategovernance,maintainenterprisesstat,amanagementsystemofstate-ownedassetsshouldbeestablishedinwhichgovernmentaladministrationisseparatedfromenterprisesmanagement,authoritiesmatchresponsibilities,effecti,wecan,ontheonehand,strengthensupervisionandadministrationofstate-ownedassets,withmanagingthecapitalasthemajortask,andhelpstateeconomytogainmorevitality;ontheotherhand,wecansetupadynamicadjustmentmechanismforstate-ownedassets,n,bottom-linethinkingandgradualadvancement,m,letalonefallingintoformalism,,theprimaryproblemofstateassetsmanagementsystemist,thegoalofthisreformshouldbefocusedonrejuvenatingstate-ownedenterprises,especiallythoseinthecompetitivedomains,andestablishingareasonablemechanismforadjusti,developmentmodesaswellassystemsandinstitutions,,disharmonyandunsustainabilityinthecountry,,thereformschemeforstate-ownedassetsmanagementsystemshallbeembeddedintotheoverallconsiderationofthecountryover150thousandenterprises,,short-termmeasuresshouldbeconsistentwiththelong-termgoals;top-leveldesignwithanoverallconsiderationshouldbeintegratedwithexplorationandpilotprojectsinsomedomains;comprehensi(SOEs)reformandthescientificassessmentofpresentmanagementsystem,weshallidentifythemainproblems,advancethereforminawell-mesticandforeignexperience,aneffectivestateassetsmanagementsystemshouldbecomposedofthreeparts:governmentaldepartments,investme,shoulderingtheircorrespondingrespo,onbehalfofallthepeople,,thegovernmentisinchargeofformulatingpublicpoliciesconcerningtheadjuetwoproblems—lackofduefunctionsandunnecessaryintervention."Lackofduefunctions"indicatesthatstateassetsarenotgivenafullplayinthesocietyandeconomyastheirfunctionsanddistributionarenotadjustedintimeaccordingtothecountrysdifferentdevelopmentstagesandmarketchanges."Unnecessaryintervention"meansthatnominallytheState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionoftheStateCouncilisaninstitutionspeciallydesignedformanagingstateassets,whilesubstantiallyitisagovernmentaldepartment,whichnotonlyintervenestoomuchintheenterprisesmanagement,,sincetheState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionwassetup,theresponsibilitiesoftheinvestorhavebeendetermined,solvingtheproblemof"manydepartmentscontrol,butnonetakesresponsibility".Thishas,onaccountofsomeinternalandexternalfactors,theState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionhasincreasinglyexpandeditsduedutiesinadministrating"personnel,affairsandassets",leadingtoamoreseriousmixingofgovernmentaladministrationandenterprises,whileservesasanadministrativedepartmentw,tntationfromsupervisiontoimprovethegovernmentalmanagementsystemofstateassets,regulategovernmentalmprovecorporategovernance,eliminateimproperadministrativeinterventionandensureenterprisesindependentmanagementinthemarket.888永利体育赌场送一百位女孩回家第三季 ByChengGuoqiang,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo116,2011Sincethe1990s,withtherapidgrowthoftheChineseeconomyanditsstructuralchange,significantchangeshavetakenplaceinChina,realizinggraduallygettingindustrytonurtureagricultureandsubsidizingagriculturortandstructuralfeaturesofChinasagriculturalpoliciesinabidtoprovideabasisforpolicy-makingforfurtherimprovingChina,thecentralgovernmentmadeasignificantjudgmentthat"Chinahasonthewholeenteredintothestageofindustrysteppingupagricultureandurbandevelopmentbringingalongruralgrowth"andformulatedanumberofagriculture-friendlypoliciesmainlyaimedatrepealingagriculturaltaxes,animalslaughtertax,livestocktaxandtaxesonspecialagriculturalproducts,leavingfarmersexemptedfromataxburdenof120billionyuaneachyear;exploredwaysforofferingsubsidiestofarmers,includingdirectsubsidiesforgrainproducers,generalsubsidiesforpurchasingagriculturalsupplies,subsidiesforpurchasingsuperiorcropvarietiesandagriculturalmachineryandtools(knownas"FourSubsidies"),theamountofthe"FourSubsidies"(Table1)in2010;allcontrolovergrainmarketpricesandgrainpurchaseandsaleswereliftedandthepolicyofpurchasingandtemporarystockp,,pricesofwhitewheat,%,%%respectivelyandthoseofearlyindicarice,mid%,%%respectively(Table2);fiscalsupportforagriculturalbudgethasbeenincreasedbyawidemargin,incentivemeasureshavebeenpracticedovermajorgrain-producing,oil-producingandpork-producingcountiesandthesubsidieshavebeenincreasedtosupportsuchprojectsaskeywaterconservancyprojectsinlargeandmedium-sizedirrigatedareas,irrigationfacilitieslikesmallwaterconservancyworks,agriculturaltechnicalinnovation,seedstockbreedingandtherelevanttechnologypopularizationsystem,agriculturaltechnicalservice,preventionandcontrolofplantdis Fundsforthe"FourSubsidies"SpentinChinaSince2004(Unit:100millionyuan)sInternetofThingsIndustryIsInInitialStageandHasGoodBasisforDevelopmentCurrently,ChinaisoneofthefewcountriesintsInternetofthingsindustry,whichisnowintheinitialstageofdevelopment,hascertainindustrial,,ields,suchastransport,citymanagement,powergrid,oilandnaturalgasproductionandtransport,medicalservice,,ChinahasenteredanewstagetoactivelydevelopInternolidenoughInChina,mostindustriesrelatedtoInternetoftope,theUnitedStates,JapanandSouthKorea,Chinalagsbehindinthefollowingfieldsintermsofresearch,,roductsanditsownresearch,,itis"stronginthemiddleandweakatbothends".Thismeansthegapisfairlysma,sensingchips,othersensingtechnologiesandindustries,high-endsoftwareproducts,algovernmentsandlackshigh-levelandoverallplanningTherearenoclearframeworks,pathsandprioritiesfortheindustry,theyalldosoontheirown,,someregionalgovernmentshaveformulatedplansforthedevelopmentoftheInternetofthings,nhavedrawnuppla,pmentofInternetofthingsindustryInstitutionalme,,namelythetelecomnetwork,theradioandtelevisionnetworkandtheInternet,,,theinformationsystemsare,,,usersarenotenthusiasticaboutcutt,,thenationaltrunkgridsareinvestedbytheStateGridCorporationofChina,butregionalgridshavethreeinvestors:gridcompanies,,investmentsareseparatedfromearnings,cyInternationalexperienceindicatesthattheapplicationoftheInternetofthingstechnologyisguidedbydemand,basedoncostefficiencyanalysisandorientedtowardenergyconservation,,however,thefeasibilitystudiesfortheapplicationoft,andmanyprojectsemphasizeinfrastructureconstructionandfixed-assetinvestment,,,thecostefficiencyanalysesfortheInternetofthingsprojectsgenerallycomprisethecostsandefficienciesarisingfromallinfrastructureinvestments,withfewofthemfocusingorialchainslinksTheInternetofthingsindustrycomprisesthelinksofthedesignofapplicationplans,theconstructionofprojects,themanufacturingofsupportiveequipment,,theInternetofthingsismainlyusedinafewindustriesandcitiesforpilotpractice,,theyemphasizeinternalintegration,involngapplicationoftheInternetofthingstechnologyhascreatedhigherd,theindustriessuchastheInternet,sensormakingandcloud-computingservicestillc,theirdistributionisscattered,,andtheirgeneralservicecapacitiesareweakinsoftware,hardware,networking,platform,,interfacesareinsufficient,,personalprivacyprotectionandf,China,technologicalandapplicationbases,isformingawholesystem,,thescopeisnarrow,thescaleissmall,thesupportisweak,thecoretechnologieshavetobeimported,thestandardshavenotbeenestablished,thetransmissionfrequencyresourcesareinsufficient,thenetworkinformationsecurityandpersonalprivacyprotectionareyettobesolved,therearenooverallplanningandrationaldistribution,andlow-levelrepeatedconstructionandblindinvestmentarerampant. 

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